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Election System of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Catalyst of Unsuccesful Democratization

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Author(s): Adis Arapovic, | Bedrudin Brljavac

Journal: Khazar Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN 2223-2613

Volume: 16;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 18;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Key words: elections | election legislature | voting rights | democratization | discrimination | Bosnia and Herzegovina.

ABSTRACT
Bosnia and Herzegovina has faced serious democratic obstacles in the post-war period dueto huge shortcomings in its Election Law, among other things. That is, implementation ofhuman rights, and in this way right to vote, is obtruded by current Constitution and ElectionLaw of BiH as it provides serious basis for discrimination. In fact, present election systemin the country is not completely grounded in general, equal and secret right to vote anddirect election for all citizens of BiH who have a voting right. Still, election system has tocontain basic principles of democratic election law: principle of generality, principle ofequality, principle of direct, secret and free right to vote. These principles representunavoidable standards of contemporary representative democracy, that is, democraticelections. That's why election system in BiH has to launch democratic principles prescribedby the Constitution and international standards on human rights, in order to be legitimate.Due to this reason conceptual changes in Election Law are not so easy move because theyencroach into the essence of the B&H Constitution. However, election re-engineering,changes or reforms in election system of some country, are understood as a normal, evenwelcomed step if they will contribute to democratic optimization in the country. Bosnia cannot make progress in democratic process if it does not make necessary changes in itselection system.
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