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Electrical and thermal properties of 10 mol% Gd 3+ doped ceria electrolytes synthesized through citrate combustion technique

Author(s): Ramalinga Viswanathan Mangalaraja | Solaiappan Ananthakumar | Manidurai Paulraj | Kasimayan Uma | Marta López | Carlos Porro Camurri | Ricardo Enrique Avila

Journal: Processing and Application of Ceramics
ISSN 1820-6131

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 137;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Gadolinia doped ceria | Combustion synthesis | Electrical conductivity | Thermal conductivity

Nanocrystalline ceria electrolyte doped with 10 mol% gadolinia [Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95] was synthesized by citric acid combustion technique involving mixtures of cerium nitrate oxidizer (O) and citric acid fuel (F) taken in the ratio of O/F=1. The as combusted precursors produced crystalline ceria particles upon calcination performed at 700°C for 2h. Ceria pellets were made and sintered at temperatures 1200, 1400 and 1500°C with a dwell time of 2, 4 and 6 h. The sintered microstructures, electrical and thermal conductivities and thermal diffusivity properties were evaluated in addition to the powder properties such as crystalline structure, surface area, particle size and morphology. Sintered ceria samples had 99% theoretical density at 1500°C/6h. The sintered microstructures exhibit dense ceria grains with sizes 500 nm to one micron. The electrical conductivity versus temperature showed conductivity in the order of 10^(-2) and 10^(-1) S·cm-1 at 500 and 700°C, respectively. The ceria sintered at 1500°C has the maximum thermal conductivity of ~2.79 W·m-1K-1 at room temperature.
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