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Electro-thermomechanical characterization of Ti-Ni shape memory alloy thin wires

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Author(s): Nascimento Maria Marony Sousa Farias | Araújo Carlos José de | Rocha Neto José Sérgio da | Lima Antonio Marcus Nogueira de

Journal: Materials Research
ISSN 1516-1439

Volume: 9;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 15;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: shape memory alloys | Ti-Ni alloys | thermomechanical behavior | smart materials

ABSTRACT
The use of shape memory alloys (SMA) as smart structures and other modern applications require a previous evaluation of its performance under load as well as a training procedure. In general, these requirements lead to the design and assembly of a specific test bench. In this work, an experimental set-up was specially designed to perform the electro-thermomechanical characterization of SMA wires. This apparatus was used to determine the strain-temperature (epsilon - T) and electrical resistance-temperature (R - T) hysteretic characteristics curves of a Ti-Ni shape memory wire (90 mm in length and 150 µm in diameter) under mechanical load. The SMA wire is loaded by means of constant weights and a controlled system for injection of electrical power allows performing the heating-cooling cycles. The obtained hysteretic epsilon - T and R - T characteristics curves for some levels of applied loads are used to determine important shape memory parameters, like martensitic transformation temperatures, temperature hysteresis, temperature slopes and shape memory effect under load. These parameters were in accord with the ones found in literature for the studied SMA wires.

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