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Electrochemical and electrocatalytic studies of toluidine blue immobilized on a silica gel surface coated with niobium oxide

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Author(s): Santos Antonio S. | Pereira Arnaldo C. | Kubota Lauro T.

Journal: Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
ISSN 0103-5053

Volume: 13;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 495;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: toluidine blue | niobium oxide modified silica | modified electrode | NADH | amperometric detection

ABSTRACT
The electrochemical behavior of toluidine blue (TB) adsorbed on a silica surface modified with niobium oxide (SN) was investigated using a modified carbon paste electrode. The presence of SN gave the electrode high stability, avoiding the leaching out of the mediator from the electrode surface. The formal potential (E0') of the adsorbed TB was --113 mV vs. SCE, indicating a shift of almost 100 mV towards more positive potential values, compared to TB dissolved in aqueous solution or adsorbed on carbon paste. The stability and formal potential remained constant upon changing the solution pH in the range 5 to 8. In these solution pH values the electrocatalytic activity remained almost constant with a sensitivity of 1.2 10-4 A L mol-1 cm-2 and a K Mapp of 4.9 10-5 mol L-1. A linear response range for NADH concentration between 2.0 10-4 and 4.0 10-3 mol L-1 at pH 7.0, with a detection limit of 3.4 10-5 mol L-1 was observed for the sensor. A response time of 2 s and a precision of 1.0 %, expressed as relative standard deviation for 10 replicates, were observed for the sensor developed.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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