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Emergency neurological care of strokes and bleeds

Author(s): Birenbaum Dale

Journal: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock
ISSN 0974-2700

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 52;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Cerebrovascular disease | stroke mortality rates | Barthel index | Rankin scale | Glasgow outcome scale | NIHSS | STICH | eloquent brain | ISAT | ISUIA

Ischemic stroke and brain hemorrhage are common and challenging problems faced by emergency physicians. In this article, important details in the diagnosis and clinical management of these neurological emergencies are presented with the following goals: 1) To provide a more comprehensive understanding of the approach to the identification and management of patients who have sustained ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes; 2) to explain the importance and application of commonly used national stroke scoring and outcome scales; 3) to improve the ability to recognize important aspects in the approach and comprehensive treatment of ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms; and 4) to demonstrate the difficulties in the neurological, neurosurgical, and endovascular treatment of these catastrophic diseases.
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