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THE ENGLISH VERB, BEHIND REGULAR – IRREGULAR DISTINCTION

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Author(s): Nadia Luiza DINCĂ

Journal: Studii si Cercetari Filologice. Seria Limbi Straine Aplicate
ISSN 1583-2236

Volume: 7;
Issue: 2008;
Start page: 21;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: the English verb | regular past tense inflection | irregular past tense inflection

ABSTRACT
Morphology is the subsystem that computes the forms of words. This subsystem is not complicated. The emerging patterns may have a rich variety, but the rules governing the morphological function is quite simple. The compound tenses are an isolable subsystem in which grammatical mechanisms can be studied in detail, without complex interactions with the rest of language. Regular English past tense inflection is computed, independently of syntax, by a simple rule that concantenates the affix “-ed” to the verb stem. The Romanian past perfect tense is computed by the rule that concantenates the affix “-se” and the personal desinences. If regular patterns are computed by a suffixation rule which contains the adding and deleting operations, the irregular patterns are retrieved from an associative memory.Grammars divide into fairly autonomous submodules in which blocks of rules produce outputs that serve as the input for other blocks of rules.
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