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Enhancing the Reliability of Head Nodes in Underwater Sensor Networks

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Author(s): Hong Min | Yookun Cho | Junyoung Heo

Journal: Sensors
ISSN 1424-8220

Volume: 12;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 1194;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: underwater sensor networks | clustering | checkpointing

ABSTRACT
Underwater environments are quite different from terrestrial environments in terms of the communication media and operating conditions associated with those environments. In underwater sensor networks, the probability of node failure is high because sensor nodes are deployed in harsher environments than ground-based networks. The sensor nodes are surrounded by salt water and moved around by waves and currents. Many studies have focused on underwater communication environments in an effort to improve the data transmission throughput. In this paper, we present a checkpointing scheme for the head nodes to quickly recover from a head node failure. Experimental results show that the proposed scheme enhances the reliability of the networks and makes them more efficient in terms of energy consumption and the recovery latency compared to the previous scheme without checkpointing.
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