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Enteral nutrition and surgical patient

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Author(s): Stamenković Dušica M. | Bašić Marica | Palibrk I. | Janković Zorica

Journal: Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica
ISSN 0354-950X

Volume: 50;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 109;
Date: 2003;
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Keywords: feeding method | enterai nutrition | nutritional support | immunonutrition | surgery

ABSTRACT
Enterai nutrition can be applicated alone or in combination with, parenteral nutrition. Enterai feeding should be applicated as early as possible in preoperative preparation or in postoperative period in respect of contraindications and everyday evaluation of patients. Immunomodulatory substances like arginin, 3-o-fat acids, ribonucleic acid and glutamine are incorporated in "ready to use" solution for enterai feeding. Enterai feedings oral or via tubes are safe if some precautions are taken: like sitting position and control of feeding tubes position. Use of jejunostomy and promotility agents improved enterai feeding after major abdominal surgery and acute pancreatitis. Enterai feeding and immunonutrition improved postoperative course in reduction of hospital stay, incidence of postoperative complications especially infections. The aim of this review article is to validate pro and con for enterai nutrition in preoperative and postoperative course.
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