Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

Enterocytes’ tight junctions: From molecules to diseases

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Stelios F Assimakopoulos | Ismini Papageorgiou | Aristidis Charonis

Journal: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
ISSN 2150-5330

Volume: 2;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 123;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Tight junctions | Occludin | Claudins | Junctional adhesion molecule | Tricellulin | Intestinal permeability

ABSTRACT
Tight junctions (TJs) are structures between cells where cells appear in the closest possible contact. They are responsible for sealing compartments when epithelial sheets are generated. They regulate the permeability of ions, (macro) molecules and cells via the paracellular pathway. Their structure at the electron microscopic level has been well known since the 1970s; however, only recently has their macromolecular composition been revealed. This review first examines the major macromolecular components of the TJs (occludin, claudins, junctional adhesion molecule and tricellulin) and then the associated macromolecules at the intracellular plaque [zonula occludens (ZO)-1, ZO-2, ZO-3, AF-6, cingulin, 7H6]. Emphasis is given to their interactions in order to begin to understand the mode of assembly of TJs. The functional significance of TJs is detailed and several mechanisms and factors involved are discussed briefly. Emphasis is given to the role of intestinal TJs and the alterations observed or speculated in diverse disease states. Specifically, intestinal TJs may exert a pathogenetic role in intestinal (inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease) and extraintestinal diseases (diabetes type 1, food allergies, autoimmune diseases). Additionally, intestinal TJs may be secondarily disrupted during the course of diverse diseases, subsequently allowing the bacterial translocation phenomenon and promoting the systemic inflammatory response, which is often associated with clinical deterioration. The major questions in the field are highlighted.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

     Affiliate Program