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Epidemilogical Profile of Speech and Language Disorder in North Central Nigeria

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Author(s): Shuaib K. Aremu | Olushola A. Afolabi | Biodun S. Alabi | Isiah O. Elemunkan

Journal: International Journal of Biomedical Science
ISSN 1550-9702

Volume: 7;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 268;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: speech disorder | language disorder | deaf-mutism

ABSTRACT
Background: Speech-language pathologists/Otolaryngologists recognize high prevalence of speech and language disorder among children. The aim of the study is to find out the epidemiological profile of speech and language disorder in north central Nigeria. Method: A five year retrospective review of all referral to speech and language therapy unit ENT Department between January 2005 and December 2009. Information retrieved and analysed included bio-data, clinical presentation and diagnosis of the patients.Descriptive analysis of these data were done. Results: A total of 146 patients were seen out of which 89 (61%) were under five, 32 (21.9%) were between 5-10 years, 20 (13.7%) in the range of 11-20 yrs and 2 (1.4%) were between 21-34 yrs. None was observed in the elderly. Male preponderance was noted with male to female ratio of 1.9:1.0. The commonest diagnosis was deaf-mutism in 84 (57.5%) followed by delayed speech development in 31(21.2%) patients. The least diagnosis was aphasia in 2 (1.4%) patients. Conclusion: Speech and language disorder was commonest among the under five’s with non in the elderly, There was a higher prevalence amongst males and deaf-mutism was the commonest observed.

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