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Epidemiological study of nasal trauma in a otorhinolaryngology clinic, in the south zone of the city of São Paulo

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Author(s): Coelho Júnior, Roberto Gaia | Carvalho, Maria Rosa Machado de Sousa | Aquino, José Evandro Prudente de | Fernandes, José Carlos Ramos | Brandão, Fabiano Haddad | Pereira, Salomão Honório | Barbosa, Raquel Teixeira Aversani

Journal: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
ISSN 1809-9777

Volume: 12;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 356;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Nose | Trauma | Epidemiology

ABSTRACT
Introduction: The nasal trauma has been increasing in frequency, especially in recent decades, associated with the high number of automobile accidents and urban violence. Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the mechanism of trauma and sex, the frequency of trauma nasal according to age of patients and misuse of fracture to the right or left. Compare the gender (male and female), violence (aggression) interpersonal. Method: We conducted a prospective study in patients with nasal trauma in the period April to September 2007, which evaluated 100 patients male and female of any age who have had only nasal trauma. Only 86 were included in our sample. The excluded were those who had multiple fractures of face (frontal bone, jaw and mandibular) and those who refused to participate in the study. In assessing patients collect data on sex, age, mechanism of trauma and topography of the diversion of the pyramid nose, these parameters were subjected to statistical analysis by testing the square Thursday and review of literature searched through OVID Medline, Pub-Med, Web of Science in English and Portuguese. Conclusion: There was a greater frequency of trauma nose in age groups of 11 to 40 years. In both sexes there was no statistical difference between the female and male in relation to trauma nose. There were no differences between the mechanism of trauma and not the kind of diversion of the pyramid nose in our sample.
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