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Epidemiology of golf related musculo-skeletal injuries

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Author(s): Dhillon Mandeep | Singh Sanjay | Dhillon Himmat | Sandhu Jaspal

Journal: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
ISSN 0019-5413

Volume: 40;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 188;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: Golf injuries; Epidemiology; Musculo-skeletal injuries

ABSTRACT
Background : Golfing has become an increasingly popular sport enjoyed by both men and women. Although the game is not viewed as hazardous, golfers do sustain injuries connected with the game. However, golf injuries have received little attention in the literature and there is no study from Asia. Methods : A prospective study was undertaken to analyze the incidence, cause and type of injury among amateur golfers. Open ended questionnaires were sent to 1000 golfers; 240 responded (Av age 51 years, 200 males and 40 females). The respondents played an average of 2 rounds per week. Results : One hundered and ten (46%) responders had sustained one or more orthopaedic injuries. Both among men and women, the lower back was the most common site of injury followed by shoulder and dorsal spine. There was a difference in the injury pattern in skilled and relatively unskilled players. Lack of warm up, excessive practice and improper swing mechanics were the most common causes. Conclusion : Golf injuries perhaps could be prevented or reduced by proper technique, controlled practice routines, physical conditioning and pre-play stretching exercises. The most important factor in this playing population seems to be prevention.
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