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Epidemiology of Rabies in Sudan

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Author(s): Ali, Y.H. | K.S. Intisar | H.A. Wegdan | E.B. Ali

Journal: Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances
ISSN 1680-5593

Volume: 5;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 266;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: Rabies | epidemiology | human | animal

ABSTRACT
Epidemiology of rabies in Sudan over the period 1992-2002 was studied. Data about rabies incidence in human and animals was collected and statistically analyzed. A total of 424 brain specimens were examined for rabies using Fluorescent Antibody Test (FAT). During the study period 180957 human rabies post-exposure treatments and 253 human rabies deaths had been reported. The majority of post-exposures (90727) were in Khartoum State, while most of human deaths (78) were in Central State. Peaks of human exposures were in June-July and March. A total of 2656 animal rabies suspects were reported of which 1401 were in Khartoum, highest Figures were during January and February. Dogs, goats and donkeys were the main animals involved in rabies epidemiology. Out of 424 tested brain specimens, 243 were positive, most of them were dogs and goats. The rabies vaccinated and destroyed animals were 37620 and 49616, respectively.
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