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Epidemiology of Recurrent Aphtous Stomatitis and Co-related Factors

Author(s): Shirzai Masoumeh

Journal: Scientific Medical Journal
ISSN 1026-8960

Volume: 10;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 323;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis | Associated factors

Background and Objective: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is the most common oral ulcerative disease that affects 20% of general population. The etiology of RAS is unknown and it is due several different mechanisms. The purpose of study was to assess the epidemiology and related factors in its occurrence .Subjects and Methods: In this descriptive -cross sectional study, 1105 persons attending to health centers in Zahedan, selected in a multi-stage random manner, were assessed for abundance and effective factors in development of RAS. The data were gathered as single stage and by interview, completion of a questionnaire and clinical examination. The data were analyzed by Chi-squared test using SPSS software.Results: Among 1105 persons (476 males and 629 females) examined, 199 persons (18%) were affected by aphthea and 168 (84.4%) case had minor, 26 case (13.1%) had major and 5 case (2.5%) had herpetiform aphthea. In this research, there were sign- ificant correlations between the abundance of RAS and age (P
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