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Epidemiology of tibial shaft fractures

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Author(s): Grecco Marco Aurélio Sertório | Prado Junior Idyllio do | Rocha Murilo Antonio | Barros José Wagner de

Journal: Acta Ortopédica Brasileira
ISSN 1413-7852

Volume: 10;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 10;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: Tibial fracture | an epidemiological study on tibial fracture | tibial shaft fracture

ABSTRACT
In this work an epidemiological analysis on tibial shaft fractures was performed. During four years, our service treated 179 fractures, 132 in male, 47 in female, aged 14 to 83 years. The 21 to 30-year-old patiens were the more injured. Of these, 120 were open and 59 close fractures of which prevailing cause was road traffic accident. The study based on patients promptuaries analyses and radiographs. The fractures occurred 97 times in the middle third (54.18%); 102 times (56.98%) presented simple fragments, and 57 (31.38%) oblique lines. We treated close and open fractures, respectively, 48 and 38 cases with plaster cast immobilization; 3 and 67 with external fixation after plaster cast immobilization; 5 and 12 with osteosynthesis by means of plate and screws, and 2 and 3 with external fixation only. In both close and open fractures, respectively, 7 and 20 cases of pseudarthrosis and 1 and 11 of infections have occurred. With the data obtained we verified an actual validity of the epidemiological studies as a contribution for better identifying lesions features and their treatment and complications. This allows proceedings and apprenticeship refinement.
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