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Epithelial markers of colorectal carcinogenesis in ulcerative colitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis

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Author(s): Pavel Wohl | Tomas Hucl | Pavel Drastich | David Kamenar | Julius Spicak | Eva Honsova | Eva Sticova | Alena Lodererova | Jan Matous | Martin Hill | Petr Wohl | Milos Kucera

Journal: World Journal of Gastroenterology
ISSN 1007-9327

Volume: 19;
Issue: 14;
Start page: 2234;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Imunohistochemistry | Ulcerative colitis | Primary sclerosing cholangitis | Colorectal carcinoma | Liver transplantation | p53 | bcl2 | Cyclooxygenase-2

ABSTRACT
AIM: To evaluate the expression of epithelial markers of colorectal carcinogenesis in patients with long-term ulcerative colitis (UC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) before and after transplantation. METHODS: Eight patients with UC and PSC prior to liver transplantation (PSC-UC), 22 patients with UC after liver transplantation for PSC (OLT), 9 patients with active ulcerative colitis without PSC (UCA), 7 patients with UC in remission (UCR) and 10 controls (N) underwent colonoscopy with multiple biopsies. Specimens were analysed histologically and semi-quantitatively immunohistochemically for p53, Bcl-2 and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) markers. Statistical analysis was performed by Kruskal-Wallis and Fisher’s exact tests. RESULTS: PSC-UC had a statistically significantly higher expression of p53 in the nondysplastic mucosa as compared to OLT, UCA, UCR and N (P < 0.05). We also found a statistically significant positive correlation between the incidence of PSC and the expression of p53 (P < 0.001). UCA had a higher p53 expression as compared to UCR. OLT had a significantly lower expression of p53 as compared with PSC-UC (P < 0.001). Bcl-2 had a significant higher bcl-2 expression as compared with controls. No difference in COX-2 expression between PSC-UC, UCR and UCA was found. UCA had higher COX-2 expression as compared to UCR. We also found a statistically significant positive correlation between the expression of COX-2 and p53. Patients after liver transplantation for PSC had a statistically significantly lower expression of the p53 compared with PSC-UC (P < 0.001). PSC-UC had the same inflammatory endoscopic activity as OLT and UCR when evaluated with the Mayo score. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that the nondysplatic mucosa of UC patients with PSC is characterised by a higher expression of the tumour suppressor gene p53, suggesting a higher susceptibility of cancer. This p53 overexpression correlates with the presence of PSC whilst it is not present in patients with UC after liver transplantation for PSC.

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Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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