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Estimates of Genetic Parameters for Yield and Yield Components in Corn Inbred Lines Using Diallel Crosses

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Author(s): V. Rameeh | A. Rezai | A. Arzani

Journal: Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources
ISSN 1028-7655

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 95;
Date: 2000;
Original page

Keywords: Combining ability | Heritability | Degree of dominance | Heterosis.

ABSTRACT
Diallel crosses of six breeding inbred lines of corn (Zea mays L.) were used to estimate combining abilities, heterosis and some other genetic parameters for yield and some of its components. Parents, 15 F1 crosses and 4 filler genotypes, were evaluated in a 5×5 simple lattice design. For all the traits studied, except seed length, the efficiency of lattice design was less than one. Therefore, data were analysed as a randomized complete block and after eliminating the filler genotypes, Grriffing’s method 2 with mixed B model was used in the genetic analyses. General and specific combining ability (GCA and SCA) mean squares were statistically significant for all traits studied. The ratios of GCA to SCA mean squares were greater than one for all traits, except for the number of seed rows per ear, indicating the importance of non-additive gene effects in their genetic control. Low heritability estimates and degrees of dominance lower than one were further evidence of the presence of non additive gene effects for all the traits studied, except for the number of seed rows per ear. Therefore, production of single cross hybrids in order to take advantage of non-additive gene effects is of prime importance for grain yield, number of seeds per ear row, l00-seed weight, seed length, ear length, and comb percentage. For genetic improvement of number of seed rows per ear, selection methods for parental lines will be more efficient. In the hybrids studied, number of seed per ear row and l00-seed weight played a more important role in the observed variations in yield. In general, hybrids 4×5 and 5×6 with high SCA for number of seed per ear row, l00-seed weight and grain yield were considered favorable for the conditions of this study.
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