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Estimation of flooded area in the Bahr El-Jebel basin using remote sensing techniques

Author(s): M. A. H. Shamseddin | T. Hata | A. Tada | M. A. Bashir | T. Tanakamaru

Journal: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions
ISSN 1812-2108

Volume: 3;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 1851;
Date: 2006;
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In spite of the importance of Sudd (swamp) area estimation for any hydrological project in the southern Sudan, yet, no abroad agreement on its size, due to the inaccessibility and civil war. In this study, remote sensing techniques are used to estimate the Bahr El-Jebel flooded area. MODIS-Terra (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) level 1B satellite images are analyzed on basis of the unsupervised classification method. The annual mean of Bahr El-Jebel flooded area has been estimated at 20 400 km2, which is 96% of Sutcliffe and Park (1999) estimation on basis of water balance model prediction. And only, 53% of SEBAL (Surface Energy Balance Algorithm for Land) model estimation. The accuracy of the classification is 71%. The study also found the swelling and shrinkage pattern of Sudd area throughout the year is following the trends of Lake Victoria outflow patterns. The study has used two evaporation methods (open water evaporation and SEBAL model) to estimate the annual storage volume of Bahr El-Jebel River by using a water balance model. Also the storage changes due time is generated throughout the study years.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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