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Estudos comportamentais e das alterações histopatológicas em camundongos pré-tratados com Bellis perennis no modelo de convulsão induzido por pilocarpina

Author(s): Thiago Henrique COSTA MARQUES | Katricia M.F. CARDOSO | Antonia Amanda C. DE ALMEIDA | Adriana DA ROCHA TOMu00C9 | Rivelilson Mendes DE FREITAS

Journal: Boletín Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas
ISSN 0717-7917

Volume: 10;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 338;
Date: 2011;
Original page

The aim of this study was to investigate the potential neuroprotective and anticonvulsant effects of ethanolic extract from flowers (EEF) of B. perrenis in adult Swiss mice (2 months old) after seizures induced by pilocarpine. The animals were divided into 8 groups. The first group was treated with vehicle (0.05% Tween 80 dissolved in 0.9% saline) and the second with pilocarpine (400 mg/kg, P400 group). The third, fourth and fifth group were pretreated with EEF (50, 100 or 150 mg/kg) and 30 min later received P400 (EEF 50, EEF 100 or EEF 150 plus P400 groups), respectively. In turn, the remaining groups were treated with EEF alone (50, 100 or 150 mg/kg EEF 50, EEF 100 or EEF 150 groups), respectively. After treatment, the groups were observed for 24 h and then euthanized and their brains removed for histopathological analysis. All P400 group animals showed seizures that progressed to status epilepticus. Pre-treatment with EEF produced a significant reduction in those indices. P400 and EEF 50 plus P400 groups showed 87.5% and 37.5% of animals with brain damage in the hippocampus, respectively. In P400 group, the damage rate in striatum was 75%. In turn, this region has seen a reduction of 46.99% neuronal damage of those of EEF 50 plus P400 group. According to our results we suggest that the EEF may modulate epileptogenesis and promote anticonvulsant and neuroprotective mechanisms in model of seizures induced by pilocarpine.
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