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Evaluation of Apoptosis Induction Using PARP Cleavage on Gastric Adenocarcinoma and Fibroblast Cell Lines by Different Strains of Helicobacter pylori

Author(s): Ali Mojtahedi | Rasoul Salehi | Farahtaj Navabakbar | Hasan Tamizifar | Hamid tavakoli | Vincent Duronio

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
ISSN 1028-8880

Volume: 10;
Issue: 22;
Start page: 4097;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: cagA | apoptosis | Helicobacter pylori | vacA | PARP

Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common pathogens affecting humans and is the major environmental factor in the development of gastric cancer increasing from 4 to 6 folds the risk of its development. Variations in cancer risk among H. pylori infected individuals may correlate to difference in H. pylori strains, variable host characteristics and specific interactions between host and microbial determinants. To determine the effect of different strains of H. pylori on cellular apoptosis this study was designed an in vitro model using AGS and HEF cell lines. After specified time intervals total cell proteins was extracted and subjected to SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting using anti poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) antibody. Decrease in densitometric value of PARP was indicative of higher level of apoptosis. The ability of apoptosis induction in AGS and HEF cell lines by wild type (cagA+/vacA+), cagA¯/vacA+, vacA¯/cagA+ and double negative (cagA¯/vacA¯) strains were significantly different. The assessed apoptosis in AGS cell line co-cultured with wild type strain was 3.22±0.2 in 24 h, 2.8±0.1 in 48 and 2.1±0.09 in 72 h of incubation time. Similar assessment with cagA¯/vacA+ strains in AGS cells was 4.17±1.49 in 24 h, 3.32±0.45 in 48 h and 2.32±0.61 in 72 h incubation. A variation in apoptotic potential between the H. pylori strains on two cells (AGS and HEF) was observed. Based on present results, it is concluded that H. pylori strains as well as target cell types are important in pathogenesis and induction of apoptosis during a specified time interval.

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