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Evaluation of Botanical Products as Stored Grain Protectant Against Maize Weevil, <I>Sitophilus zeamays</I> (L.) on Maize

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Author(s): L.S. Mulungu | G. Lupenza | S.O.W.M. Reuben | R.N. Misangu

Journal: Journal of Entomology
ISSN 1812-5670

Volume: 4;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 258;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: Sitophilus zeamays | maize protectant | Botanical product

ABSTRACT
Eucalyptus macrorhyncha F. Muell), pawpaw (Carica papaya L.), neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) and lantana (Lantana camara L.) against the infestation of maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamays (L.) on stored maize grains. These botanicals were compared with synthetic chemical (Actellic Super Dust) and without insecticides application as controls. All tested plant products performed well in the reduction of live insects during maize storage as compared to the no insecticide application. However, pawpaw leaf powder was the most effective in reducing the number of live insects. Similarly, number of damaged maize seeds was relatively less in grains treated with pawpaw leaf powder. This also reflects on the weight loss where the maize grains treated with pawpaw leaf powder were lowest. The weight loss was also less in grains treated with neem and eucalyptus leaf powders. This study suggests that pawpaw, neem and eucalyptus leaf powders can be used as good alternatives to synthetic pesticides against S. zeamays.]]>
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