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Evaluation of chronic lymphocytic leukemia by oligonucleotide-based microarray analysis uncovers novel aberrations not detected by FISH or cytogenetic analysis

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Author(s): Kolquist Kathryn A | Schultz Roger A | Slovak Marilyn L | McDaniel Lisa D | Brown Theresa C | Tubbs Raymond R | Cook James R | Theil Karl S | Cawich Victoria | Valentin Caitlin | Minier Sara | Neill Nicholas J | Byerly Steve | Morton S | Sahoo Trilochan | Ballif Blake C | Shaffer Lisa G

Journal: Molecular Cytogenetics
ISSN 1755-8166

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 25;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: chronic lymphocytic leukemia | microarray | oligonucleotide | FISH | cytogenetics | chromosome aberration

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Cytogenetic evaluation is a key component of the diagnosis and prognosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). We performed oligonucleotide-based comparative genomic hybridization microarray analysis on 34 samples with CLL and known abnormal karyotypes previously determined by cytogenetics and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Results Using a custom designed microarray that targets >1800 genes involved in hematologic disease and other malignancies, we identified additional cryptic aberrations and novel findings in 59% of cases. These included gains and losses of genes associated with cell cycle regulation, apoptosis and susceptibility loci on 3p21.31, 5q35.2q35.3, 10q23.31q23.33, 11q22.3, and 22q11.23. Conclusions Our results show that microarray analysis will detect known aberrations, including microscopic and cryptic alterations. In addition, novel genomic changes will be uncovered that may become important prognostic predictors or treatment targets for CLL in the future.
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