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An evaluation on the effects of flowable or condensable composites application on microleakage

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Author(s): Yasini E | Mohammadi N

Journal: Journal of Dental Medicine
ISSN 1024-641X

Volume: 14;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 34;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: Posterior composite | Flowable composite | Condensable composite | Glass ionomer cements

ABSTRACT
Posterior composite restorations, due to polymerization contraction, result in microleakage. Different methods have presented to reduce this phenomena. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of flowable and condensable composites to reduce microleakage. Seventy extracted human teeth were prepared with proximal class II cavities with gingival margin 1 mm below CEJ. The teeth randomly were divided into 7 groups. Groups I & II were restored with a dentin bonding (DB) agent plus a Prodigy condensable (Kerr Co.) composite, placing incremental or bulky, respectively.. In groups IK IV, V a dentin bonding agent was applied and then cavities were restored with Tetric flow composite resin as a base plus either a hybrid composite (Tetric ceram, Vivadent Co.) or a Prodigy condensable composite (Cond), placing bulky or incremental. Groups VI and VII were restored with a resin modified glass ionomer (GI) (Fuji II Lc Co.) as a base plus either Prodigy condensable or Tetric ceram. Restorations were polished, thermocycled, and immersed in 0.3% basic fushin. After that samples were sectioned and studied under a stereomicroscope to evaluate dye penetration. Results showed that all restorations showed some degree of microleakage and according to kruskall- wallis statistical analysis, there were not any significant differences between all groups (P-0.051). Then fore pair comparison, between groups. Mann-Whitney analysis was used and no statistical difference was observed. However. Gh DB- Tetric group showed the least microleakage and DB+ Cond (bulk) the most one. Due to lack of an" statistical difference among different materials methods, it is concluded that no method or restorative material have been able to eliminate microleakage in margins completely yet, and using a flowable composite resin, in place of resin modified glass ionomer or using a condensable composite, instead of conventional In brid composites, do not have any effect
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