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Evaluation of Pender’s health promotion model for predicting adolescent girls’ quality of life

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Author(s): H Mohamadian | H Eftekhar Ardebili | A Rahimi Foroushani | M H Taghdisi | D Shojaiezade

Journal: Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research
ISSN 1735-7586

Volume: 8;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Quality of life | Pender’s health promotion model | Adolescent girls

ABSTRACT
Background and Aim: Presently not sufficient attention is paid to adolescent health promotion in many countries, because of the widespread belief that adolescents are generally healthy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate predictors of adolescent girls' quality of life using path analysis based on Pender's health promotion model. Materials and Methods: The Pender's health promotion model served as the framework of this cross-sectional study, which included a total of 500 adolescent girls (grades 9-11) selected by stratified random sampling from 20 high schools for girls in 4 districts of Kashan province, Iran. Inclusion criteria were being in grades 9-11 and a written informed consent (from teachers, parents and the girls themselves). Data were collected through interviewing the girls, the interviewers being trained persons, using several standard questionnaires (for perceived self-efficacy, perceived affect, perceived barriers, perceived social support; health promoting lifestyle, and health-related quality of life). Data analysis was done using SPSS18 and LISREL 8.8, the statistical test being path analysis.Results: All constructs of the health promotion model and health promoting lifestyle were significantly related to adolescent girls' quality of life. Perceived self-efficacy (β=0.70, p
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