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Evaluation of physicians’ prescribing patterns of antimalarial drugs during pregnancy at the obstetrics and gynaecology department of a teaching hospital in Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria

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Author(s): Roland Nnaemeka Okoro | Judith Obioma Nwambu

Journal: International Journal of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences
ISSN 0976-5263

Volume: 03;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 39;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Antimalarial drugs | Nigeria | Pregnancy | Prescribing patterns

ABSTRACT
The aim of the present study is to assess physicians’ prescribing patterns of antimalarial drugs during pregnancy. The study was conducted at the obstetrics and gynaecology department of the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH), Borno state, Nigeria. A retrospective review of Medical case files of pregnant women that were prescribed antimalarial drugs for twelve months period in 2009 was undertaken. Data analysis was done using the World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines on malaria in pregnancy and the Nigerian National Antimalarial Treatment Guidelines. The mean age of the studied group was 24.93 ± 5.43 years. Sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine 226(72.67%) were prescribed for prophylaxis. Artemisinin alone/combinations 66(21.22%) were prescribed for treatment of clinical infestations, followed by quinine 3(0.96%) and chloroquine 1(0.32%). There was a significant association (p
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