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EVALUATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF BUTEA MONOSPERMA LEAF EXTRACTS

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Author(s): K. Rmanjaneyulu | A. Bhargavi | P. Raj Varma Buddaraj | Pavani Siri K | P. Meharvineela

Journal: International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy
ISSN 2229-3566

Volume: 2;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 1563;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Butea monosperma | ethanolic extract | aqueous extract | Multi -drug resistant bacteria | Phytochemicals.

ABSTRACT
The antibacterial activity of ethanol and aqueous extracts of leaves of Butea monosperma was evaluated on one gram positive strain like Staphylococcus aureus and one gram negative strain like Escherichia coli. The invitro antibacterial activity was performed by disc diffusion method. The disc diffusion method for antibiotic susceptibility testing is the Kirby-Bauer method. The significant antibacterial activity of the active extracts was compared with standard antibiotic gentamicin (40μg/ml).From the experiment done the ethanolic extract of Butea monosperma leaves did produce considerable antibacterial activity than the aqueous extract was observed. In addition the preliminary phytochemical tests of ethanolic and aqueous extract of Butea monosperma leaves revealed the presence of the alkaloids, carbohydrates, tannins, flavanoids, phenolic compounds and starch. The results obtained in the present study suggest that Butea monosperma leaves can be used in treating diseases caused by test organisms.
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