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Evaluation of registered visually disabled individuals in a district of West Bengal, India

Author(s): Ghosh Sambuddha | Mukhopadhyay Subhalakshmi | Sarkar Krishnendu | Bandyopadhyay Manas | Maji Dipankar | Bhaduri Gautam

Journal: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
ISSN 0970-0218

Volume: 33;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 168;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Certification | congenital abnormality | visually impaired individuals

Objective: To identify the sociodemographic characteristics, degree and cause of visual disability among certified visually disabled individuals in a rural district of West Bengal, India and to identify possible lacunae, if any, in the existing certification system. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study by secondary data analysis of medical records of 155 visually disabled individuals and their 310 eyes. Demographical features, diagnosis, percentage of visual disability and work activity status of each individual were analyzed. Results: One hundred and thirty one (84.52%) individuals had 100% disability. The number of males was significantly higher than that of females. Fifty eight (37.42%) individuals were below 21 years of age. Phthisis bulbi was the most common cause followed by microphthalmos. Further, 81.29% patients had the same lesion bilaterally. Conclusion: Patients with higher grades of disability have attended certification boards. A large number of disabled individuals comprised children and young adults. Male gender bias demands concern.

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