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Evaluation of Various Risk Factors of Dry Eye

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Author(s): Renu Magdum | Atreyee K Pradhan | Dhavat P Sukharamwala | Khevna Patel

Journal: National Journal of Medical Research
ISSN 2249-4995

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 181;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Dry eye | Schirmer’s test | tear film break up time

ABSTRACT
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the various risk factors of dry eye in a hospital based population. Materials and methods: 250 consecutive patients of above 10 years age attending outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital were screened. Objectives test for dry eye were done such as Schirmer’s test, tear film break up time was done to diagnose dry eye. The role of age, sex, systemic diseases, systemic medication, and smoking were assessed. Results: Out of 250 patients 147 (58.80%) of cases showed signs and symptoms of dry eye. Majority of cases were in age group of 40 to 49 61(24.40%). There was not much difference according to sex.53 (21.20%) of cases had dryness, 39 (15.60%) had foreign body sensation and 31 (12.40%) had grittiness.59 (23.60%) cases were smokers. Among systemic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart diseases and depression, only depression was statistically significant (p
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