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Evolution of an alumina-magnesia/self-forming spinel castable. Part I: Microstructural features

Author(s): Gutiérrez-Campos D. | Diaz J. I. | Rodriguez R. M.

Journal: Cerâmica
ISSN 0366-6913

Volume: 45;
Issue: 292-293;
Start page: 93;
Date: 1999;
Original page

Keywords: Refractories | magnesium aluminate | spinel | castable | alumina-magnesia | refractory lining | MgAl2O4 | MgO-Al2O3

Refractories containing magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAl2O4) are materials for emerging technology in several applications like cement and steelmaking processes. In order to deep the understanding of these castables, this work presents the microstructural characteristics of an alumina-magnesia/self-forming spinel castable. Several variables such as MgO content, firing temperature and spinel formation are analyzed through XRD and SEM analysis. The results showed that the processes of spinel formation and nucleation are not strongly affected by the MgO content, but that the crystal growth is enhanced for samples with 6.0 wt% MgO. Hibonite (CA6) bonding in the castable matrix showed a needlelike structure that could increase hot properties of the material. MgO content in the castable seems to affect the hibonite development. The development of a self-forming spinel castable without any synthetic spinel grains appears to be promissory for optimum refractory linings.
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