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EVOLUTION OF ASSOCIATION FORMS STUDY FROM THE ROMANIAN AGRICULTURE AS ARISING FROM LEGISLATIVE REGULATIONS APPEARED AFTER 1990

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Author(s): Bogdan-Gabriel OANCEA | Silviu JIRLĂIANU | Ruxandra CIOFU

Journal: Scientific Papers Series : Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development
ISSN 2284-7995

Volume: 12;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 123;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: project | agricultural cooperatives | consultancy

ABSTRACT
The paper aims to analyze the main legal rules governing the operation of forms of association that have arisen since 1990 in the Romanian agriculture. For optimization of the comparative analysis methods the study focuses on four regulations, representative in the forms of association evolution. They are presented in chronological order: "Law no. 36/1991 regarding the agricultural companies and other agricultural associations" representing the first piece of legislation that enacted the association, "Ordinance No 26/2000 regarding associations and foundation", representing the second stage, "Agricultural cooperatives law No. 566” issued on December 9, 2004 and "Ordinance no. 37/2005 regarding the recognition and operation of the producer groups", due to Romania's pre-accession phase to the European Union. The results of this study establish first how the areas of agricultural activity were influenced by some legal details present in the legislation and on the other side identifies form of association which best matches the requirements imposed by the development of the agricultural products. It can be concluded that in terms of the concept of sustainable rural development, democratic association of agricultural cooperatives is the best alternative for Romanian farmers.
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