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Evolution and Fate of Haloacetic Acids before and after Chlorination within the Treatment Plant Using SPE-GC-MS

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Author(s): Sadia Waseem | Ijaz Ul Mohsin

Journal: American Journal of Analytical Chemistry
ISSN 2156-8251

Volume: 02;
Issue: 05;
Start page: 522;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Haloacetic Acids | Disinfection by-Products | Drinking Water

ABSTRACT
The previous research on the occurrence of disinfection by-products (DBPs) in drinking water has focused on trihalomethane (THMs) formation and evolution, in particular within distribution systems. In this study, the variability of occurrence of haloacetic acids (HAAs) before and after treatment was investigated. The investigation focused on point–to-point fluctuations of HAAs in different treatment stages within the treatment plant. The research was also carried out to find out the possible sources for the presence of HAAs before chlorination in the raw water. The results showed that the presence of HAAs from the raw water point until the filtered water occurred due to industrial waste and sewages. Subsequent formation of HAAs from treated point until service reservoir due to disinfection. The HAAs concentration was the highest and most variable in the plant where level of DBP precursor indicators and the chlorine dose were both higher. However, HAAs level and in particular dichloroacetic acids (DCAA) (the preponderant HAAs species in the waters under study), trichloroacetic acids (TCAA) decreased dramatically during filtration, very probably because of the biodegradation within the filter. An ANNOVA test was used to evaluate the level of significance of HAAs between treated water and service reservoir outlet water.
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