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Excitatory muscarinic M1 receptors mediate in the regulation of guinea-pig terminal ileum motility

Author(s): Šćepanović Ljiljana | Kojić Zvezdana | Suzić Slavica | Nešić D. | Popović Dejana | Mazić Sanja | Ilić S.

Journal: Acta Veterinaria
ISSN 0567-8315

Volume: 56;
Issue: 5-6;
Start page: 397;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: cholinergic receptors | terminal ileum | prejunctional receptors | smooth muscle

In vitro experiments were performed on smooth muscle strips cut out longitudinally or circularly from the terminal ileum about 5 cm from the ileo-coecal sphincter. The aim of this study was to determine the functional role of M1 muscarinic receptor subtype in the regulation of cholinergic contractions of the guinea-pig terminal ileum. Electrical field stimulation (EFS; 16 Hz) produced in vitro contractile responses of the guinea-pig terminal ileum muscle strips (longitudinal and circular muscle layer). Those contractions were inhibited by 1 μM tetrodotoxin (2±2% of the control response) and 1 μM atropine (1±1% of the control response), thus indicating the activation of intrinsic cholinergic nerves. Exogenous ACh (1 μM) induced contractions that were inhibited by 1 μM atropine, but not by 1 μM tetrodotoxin, indicating a direct effect on the smooth muscle. MCN-343 specific agonist of M1 receptor subtype (5 μM) induced contractions that were inhibited by 1 μM atropine and by 1 μM tetrodotoxin. M1 receptor antagonist pirenzepine (10 nM) had no effect on ACh - induced contractions but reduced EFS - induced contractions by 11±3% and MCN-A-343 induced contractions by 17±4%. In conclusion, specific M1 receptors modulate terminal ileum contractions by regulating the release of ACh from cholinergic nerves. M1 receptors, present on cholinergic nerves, function as prejunctional facilitatory autoreceptors.
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