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Exocrine glands of Schwarziana quadripunctata (Hymenoptera, Apinae, Meliponini)

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Author(s): CRUZ-LANDIM C. | REGINATO R. D.

Journal: Brazilian Journal of Biology
ISSN 1519-6984

Volume: 61;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 497;
Date: 2001;
Original page

Keywords: exocrine glands | males | female castes | development

ABSTRACT
This article describes the location, anatomy, histology and ontogeny of adult Schwarziana quadripunctata exocrine glands. These glands appear either as individualized organs (salivary gland system and Dufour gland) or as epidermis differentiation (tegumentary glands). Variations in the occurrence and degree of development among colony components with regard to their degree of maturity are also described.
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