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Experimental Searches for Dark Matter

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Author(s): Sumner Timothy J.

Journal: Living Reviews in Relativity
ISSN 1433-8351

Volume: 5;
Start page: 4;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: Physical Cosmology

ABSTRACT
There is now an enormously rich variety of experimental techniques being brought to bear on experimental searches for dark matter, covering a wide range of suggested forms for it. The existence of 'dark matter', in some form or other, is inferred from a number of relatively simple observations and the problem has been known for over half a century. To explain 'dark matter' is one of the foremost challenges today -- the answer will be of fundamental importance to cosmologists, astrophysicists, particle physicists, and general relativists. In this article, I will give a brief review of the observational evidence (concentrating on areas of current significant activity), followed by an equally brief summary of candidate solutions for the 'dark matter'. I will then discuss experimental searches, both direct and indirect. Finally, I will offer prospects for the future.
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