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Expert consensus on hospitalization for assessment: a survey in Japan for a new forensic mental health system

Author(s): Shiina Akihiro | Fujisaki Mihisa | Nagata Takako | Oda Yasunori | Suzuki Masatoshi | Yoshizawa Masahiro | Iyo Masaomi | Igarashi Yoshito

Journal: Annals of General Psychiatry
ISSN 1744-859X

Volume: 10;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 11;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Abstract Background In Japan, hospitalization for the assessment of mentally disordered offenders under the Act on Medical Care and Treatment for the Persons Who Had Caused Serious Cases under the Condition of Insanity (the Medical Treatment and Supervision Act, or the MTS Act) has yet to be standardized. Methods We conducted a written survey that included a questionnaire regarding hospitalization for assessment; the questionnaire consisted of 335 options with 9 grades of validity for 60 clinical situations. The survey was mailed to 50 Japanese forensic mental health experts, and 42 responses were received. Results An expert consensus was established for 299 of the options. Regarding subjects requiring hospitalization for assessment, no consensus was reached on the indications for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or for confronting the offenders regarding their offensive behaviors. Conclusions The consensus regarding hospitalization for assessment and its associated problems were clarified. The consensus should be widely publicized among practitioners to ensure better management during the hospitalization of mentally disordered offenders for assessment.
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