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Expression of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) in gastric cancer tissue.

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Author(s): Barbara Mroczko | Marta Lukaszewicz-Zajac | Magdalena Groblewska | Jolanta Czyzewska | Mariusz Gryko | Katarzyna Guzińska-Ustymowicz | Andrzej Kemona | Bogusław Kedra | Maciej Szmitkowski

Journal: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
ISSN 0239-8508

Volume: 47;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 511;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) is an essential step of invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer. The proteolysis of basement membranes depends on the balance between activities of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs). The aim of the study was to assess the expression of TIMP-1 in gastric cancer (GC) and interstitial inflammatory infiltrate cells within GC tissue in relation to clinico-pathological features of tumor and to estimate the prognostic significance of TIMP-1 expression for patients' survival. The presence of TIMP-1 in 54 cases of gastric cancer samples was investigated by immunohistochemistry. The expression of TIMP-1 in cancer and interstitial inflammatory infiltrate cells was evaluated in semi-quantitative scale. The immunoreactivity of TIMP-1 in cancer and inflammatory cells was positive in 100% of cases and varied from weak to intense reaction. The intensity of TIMP-1 expression increased with more advanced tumor stages and in patients who died of cancer during 2-year observation. TIMP-1 expression in interstitial inflammatory infiltrate cells was the independent prognostic factor for patients' survival. The results suggest the role of TIMP-1 in gastric tumorigenesis, although this issue requires further investigtions.
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