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Extraction and analysis of prebiotics from selected plants from southern Thailand

Author(s): Santad Wichienchot | Paiboon Thammarutwasik | Akkasit Jongjareonrak | Worrapanit Chansuwan | Preeya Hmadhlu | Tipparat Hongpattarakere | Arunporn Itharat | Buncha Ooraikul

Journal: Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology
ISSN 0125-3395

Volume: 33;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 517;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: prebiotic | indigestible polysaccharides | southern Thailand plants | extraction

Thirteen plants and their parts acquired from southern Thailand were investigated for their polysaccharide contentsand prebiotic properties. The fresh, ground samples were extracted with 50% and 95% ethanol and water at ambient and boilingtemperatures. The extracts were freeze-dried, digested with HCl buffer and -amylase, and indigestible polysaccharidecontents were determined. Base on extract yields and indigestible polysaccharide contents, ten samples were chosen aspotential sources of prebiotics. These included embryo, flesh and pericarp of palm fruit (Borrassus flabellifer L.), skin, fleshand seed of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.), flesh of rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.), jampadah (Artocarpusinteger Merr.), and young coconut (Cocos nucifera Linn.), and okra pod (Hibiscus esculentus Linn.). Their extract yields (%dry wt) were 26.54, 44.94, 51.69, 71.54, 59.43, 16.00, 55.73, 34.11, 22.66, and 12.39, respectively, and indigestible polysaccharidecontents (mg/g dry extract) were 409.85, 334.87, 705.80, 689.08, 605.76, 403.44, 566.83, 542.56, 513.87, and 460.73, respectively.The amounts of oligosaccharide were 33.69, 47.20, 14.13, 0.00, 98.05, 29.35, 9.43, 2.40, 0.00, and 49.15 mg/g dry extract, respectively. Subsequently, five samples were chosen for further studies and possible commercial development based on theirextract yield, the amount and type of oligosaccharides, i.e. palm flesh, palm embryo, jackfruit flesh, jackfruit seed, and okrapod. Molecular weights of the polysaccharides from the five samples were 190-1,600 Daltons with a degree of polymerizationof 5-6.
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