Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

FACTORES QUE AFECTAN LA PRODUCCIÓN DE CACAO (Theobroma cacao L.) EN EL EJIDO FRANCISCO I MADERO DEL PLAN CHONTALPA TABASCO, MÉXICO

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Vu00EDctor Cu00F3rdova u00C1valos | Miguel Su00E1nchez Hernu00E1ndez | Nu00E9stor G. Estrella Chulu00EDm | Alfonso Macu00EDas Layalle | Engelberto Sandoval Castro | Tomu00E1s Martu00EDnez Saldau00F1a | Carlos Fredy Ortiz Garcu00EDa

Journal: Universidad y Ciencia
ISSN 0186-2979

Volume: 34;
Issue: 17;
Date: 2001;
Original page

ABSTRACT
This study was carried out in Francisco I. Madero, Plan Chontalpa, in Tabasco. The purpose was to find out the factors involved in production, commercialization and income obtained by producers in relation to the Unit of Familiar Production. The diagnosis method applied was the participative rural soundings, the economic analysis and the historical series on surface and production of cacao in the Plan Chontalpa region from 1968 through 1980. As a result, low productivity was related to factors such as the age of the plantation, inefficient pests and disease control, the inadequate drainage system needed for rainy seasons, low application of fertilizers, inappropriate handling of shades in the cocoa plantation, lack of technical support and training to producers, and insufficient support by the state for the production. In this study, the results show that the cocoa production in the study area provides between 42% and 86% of net income to farmer families. The total income that producers obtained were affected by low prices and low yields per hectare. In addition, the government programs such as Alianza para el Campo were not enough to be applied by producers. It is necessary to design a local and national strategic program in order to rescue this diversified production system, which has shown its ecological and economic sustainability in this region, for more than 500 years.
Why do you need a reservation system?     Free Forms + CRM