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Factores de riesgo para enfermedad isquémica del corazón en médicos especialistas.

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Author(s): Javier J. Pérez | José L. Ramírez | Mónica T. Mejía | Herbert E. Espig | Eysi P. Reales | Luis G. Quijada

Journal: Salus Online
ISSN 1316-7138

Volume: 14;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 28;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Cardiovascular risk factors | Ischemic heart disease | Physicians

ABSTRACT
Risk Factors for ischemic heart disease in physicians.Cardiovascular disease is the first cause of death worldwide, and it is associated with life style. The objectiveof this paper was to assess cardiovascular risk (CR) in physicians. Methods: A descriptive correlationalcross-sectional study was carried out. The sample was non probabilistic, opinatic and volunteer, consisting of50 physicians working in hospitals, from various medical specialities. A clinical examination was done, andthe Inventory of Situations and Responses of Anxiety (ISRA) scale was applied. Results: For surgeons,cardiovascular risk was low in 84% (n=42), intermediate or high in 50% (n=4). Body mass index indicatedoverweight or obesity in 72% (n=36) of physicians, and 90% (n=9) of pediatricians. Serum LDL cholesterolwas high in 56% (n=28) of the sample, and 87.5% (n=7) of surgeons presented lipid alterations. 14% (n=7) were smokers, and 71.42% (n=5) of them were in surgicalspecialties. 24% (n=12) suffered anxiety. Conclusions: Surgeons presented more risk factors forcardiovascular disease, and the outstanding risk factor was body mass index.
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