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Factors affecting pressure ulcer in the ICU units of Tehran University of Medical Sciences teaching hospitals

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Author(s): Akbari Sari A | Z Beheshti Zavare | M Arab | A Rashidian | B Golestan

Journal: Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research
ISSN 1735-7586

Volume: 8;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 81;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: pressure ulcer | Intensive care unite | Risk factor | Tehran University of Medical Sciences

ABSTRACT
Background and Aim: Pressure ulcer is a common problem and a large drain on hospital resources, especially in wards such as ICU where patients stay for a long time. The aim of this study was to explore the likely factors contributing to pressure ulcers in the ICU units of Tehran University of Medical Sciences teaching hospitals, Tehran, Iran. "nMaterials and Methods: This project was conducted in all the seven ICUs of four teaching hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. In the first phase the researcher performed a direct observation of all the 90 patients who were admitted to the ICU units to check the presence of any pressure ulcer. In the second phase, 310 patients discharged from the same ICU units between March 2007 and February 2008 was randomly selected and their medical records reviewed. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. "nResults: Pressure ulcer occurred more frequently in the elderly; women; patients who were less active and had less mobility, hospitalized for a long time, or those with fever, diabetes, high blood pressure, paralysis, or respiratory diseases. In addition, pressure ulcer was seen more frequently in the patients hospitalized in the general ICUs, as well as in those with infections and different types of tumors. "nConclusion: Using a standard risk assessment tool and paying attention to the main risk factors of pressure ulcer can be a useful method for identifying the high-risk patients before admission in order to prevent them from developing such ulcers.
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