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Family and individual factors of suicidal ideation in adolescents

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Author(s): Srdanović-Maraš Jelena | Dukić Olja | Marković Jasminka | Biro Mikloš

Journal: Psihologija
ISSN 0048-5705

Volume: 44;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 245;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: suicidal ideation | suicide attempts | adolescents | family

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to better understand the phenomenon of suicidal behavior of adolescents by establishing relations between characteristics of a family system and suicidal ideation, as well as determining the influence of family and individual factors on suicidal ideation in adolescents. The systemic family therapy was used as the theoretical framework for this investigation. The study sample included 96 adolescents, aged 14-21 years, who assessed the functionality of their own families that were in the adolescent phase of a family life cycle at the time of the study. Participants were assigned to one of the three groups: the first consisted of adolescents who had previously attempted suicide, the second of adolescents who had another psychiatric problem at the time of the study, and the third was made up of adolescents who had never had psychiatric or psychological problems. The following instruments were used: Self-report Family Inventory (SFI), Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI), Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, and Beck’s Suicidal Ideation Scale (SIS). The results suggest that family has a significant, but indirect influence on suicidal ideation in adolescents. Suicidal ideation is primarily related to adolescents’ individual characteristics, which are indeed strongly influenced by family functionality.
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