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The family quality of life approach in health care: the case of physiotherapy in early intervention

Author(s): Clarissa Altina Cunha de Araujo | Berta Paz Lourido

Journal: Saúde & Transformação Social
ISSN 2178-7085

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 20;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Quality of life | Family | Physical Therapy (Specialty) | Pediatrics

The aims of this study is to identify key concepts to construct the theoretical framework to guide the fieldwork of a study on family quality of life and physiotherapy in Early Intervention (EI). Specifically, this article aims to provide a theoretical foundation that contributes to the awakening of critical thinking on the suggested topic. The focus on families in EI with children can be seen from its definition, in which EI is the set of interventions that may be undertaken aimed at children of 0-6 years old, their family and the environment in which they develop in order to prevent or treat possible developmental disorders. Currently, emphasis is being placed on actions of EI that consider the totality of the child´s universe and are planned by an inter or trans-disciplinary team. Physiotherapists are included in this team, which seems to be passing through a process of change from child-centered action and the disability to a family-centered approach, consistent with current theoretical trends and practices. When attempting to deepen the contribution of EI physiotherapy in family quality of life for families with children with disabilities, it was realized that the family is generally considered as a resource for child-centered care and not as part of the overall objective of the intervention. It was observed that this represents an open field for quantitative and qualitative research because quality of family life is a construct composed by multiple variables. There is a need for studies regarding the aspects that could be taken into account to organize services in EI physiotherapy with a family-centered approach, enabling an adaptation of the curriculum of universities to account for current theoretical trends and to deepen their contextualized applicability in services.
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