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Feasibility study of using Calcium Peroxide  Nanoparticles in Arsenic Removal from Polluted Water in Agriculture and It\'s Effect on the Irrigation Quality Parameters 

Author(s): Ehsan Olyaie | Hossein Banejad | Ali Reza Rahmani | Abbas Afkhami | Javad Khodaveisi

Journal: Iranian Journal of Health and Environment
ISSN 2008-2029

Volume: 5;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 319;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Irrigation | Arsenic III | Chemical oxidation | Calcium peroxide | Nanoparticles

Background and Objectives: Arsenic is one of the most toxically contaminants in groundwater and soils. Due to the ability of bio-accumulation of arsenic III in plants through irrigation with contaminated water and its entrance to the food chain, irreparable hazards would be caused. The aim of this research is the feasibility study of arsenic III removal from polluted water using calcium peroxide nanoparticles synthesized and also studying the effective parameters. Moreover, the adding effect of nanoparticles on the important parameters of irrigation would be assessed.Materials and Methods: In this research, we first synthesized CaO2 nanoparticles through chemical precipitation and then studied the arsenic removal efficiency from contaminated water samples. Nevertheless, the impact of the effective parameters including pH, initial arsenic III concentration, and CaO2 nanoparticles concentration were investigated. Finally, relevant results to nanoparticles effect on the important irrigation water quality parameters were presented. Results: Our results showed that synthesized particles were in the range of 25-50 nanometers. In addition, the efficiency of the CaO2 nanoparticles in arsenic III removal was 88 percent under following conditions:  irrigation pH range 6.5-8.5, nanoparticles dosage 40 mg/L, arsenic initial concentration 400 µg/L, and 30 minuts retention time. Moreover, the nanoparticles synthesized did not have any undesirable impact on significant parameters in irrigation water.Conclusion: Generally, it can be concluded that CaO2 nanoparticles based on the in situ chemical oxidation had significant effect on the reduction of arsenic III until lower than recommended standards for irrigation water. High rate of process and relatively short reaction time, and having no negative effects on the significant parameters of irrigation indicate that CaO2 nanoparticles have significant potential in removal of arsenic III from contaminated water.

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