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Feeding Preference of <I>Chrysomya chloropyga</I> (Wied.) and <I>Musca domestica</I> (Linn.) on Some Animal Faecal Samples

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Author(s): Temitope Kehinde | Adesola Muse

Journal: Journal of Entomology
ISSN 1812-5670

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 38;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: M. domestica | C. chloropyga | Feeding preference | electrophoresis

ABSTRACT
C. chloropyga and M. domestica on four animal faeces; cow, dog, goat and poultry faeces were studied in choice and no-choice experiments. The protein profile of the emerging adult flies was determined by electrophoresis. M. domestica was attracted to the four faecal samples but preference was shown for dog faeces throughout the choice experiment. Mean number of M. domestica that fed on either cow, dog or goat faeces however fluctuated with days of exposure, from days 4 to 20 in the no-choice experiment. C. chloropyga was attracted to all the faecal samples in the choice experiment with preference for poultry faeces on days 4 and 8, preference however shifted to dog faeces on days 12, 16 and 20. In the no-choice experiment, mean number of C. chloropyga that fed on dog faeces was consistently higher than those on cow, goat and poultry wastes on days 4, 12, 16 and 20. Electrophoresis of whole adult homogenate M. domestica emerging from the dog, goat and poultry faeces revealed the presence of heterogeneous proteins of different molecular weights including some that are similar in males and females reared on different diets. The different diets show a potential for supporting the development of the flies. Further experiments to study the development of the flies on these faecal samples and others in our environment is therefore recommended.]]>
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