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Feeding Systems Followed in Broiler Farms Adjacent To Dhaka City and its Impact on Productivity

Author(s): Mohammed Mufazzal Hossain | Md. Anwarul Haq Beg

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
ISSN 1028-8880

Volume: 9;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 1759;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: Feeding systems | broiler | productivity

A field survey investigated the feeding systems of broiler farms and its impact on productivity. A total of 100 farmers were selected randomly from four villages taking 25 from each village under Savar Upazila of Dhaka. In the study area average population of broilers was 1945 with a standard deviation of 627.28. The highest proportion (38%) of the farmers were medium producer (1000-2500 broilers) while 35% of them were small producers (up to 1000 broilers) and 27% were large producers (above 2500 broilers). Majority of the farmers (29%) used broiler chicks of BRAC farm, but early marketing age and over all economic production was found with broilers of Kazi Poultry Farm (27%). The highest FCR was also found in birds of Kazi Farm (2.03:1), whereas the birds from Aftab Poultry Farm achieved 2.09:1. In the investigation area most of the farms used Kazi Poultry Feed (22%), Aftab Poultry Feed (19%) and Usha Poultry Feed (13%). The mostly used Kazi Poultry Feed contained 90.30, .43 and 89.90% DM and 20.66, .62 and 20.71% CP, respectively for the starter, grower and finisher diets. Only one farmer of this survey area used homemade feed. The farmers stored broiler feeds in normal rooms. Most of the farmers (61%) stored their feed only for 3-4 days. The highest proportion (79%) of the farmers used crumble or pellet diet, whereas only 21% farmers used mash diet. Better FCR (20.3:1) was found when farmers used crumble or pellet diet but poor result (2.21:1) was found with mash diet. It was also found that ad libitum feeding was not economic, but most profitable system was to provide feed twice a day.
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