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Fish species diversity and conservation in Beijing and adjacent areas

Author(s): Chunguang Zhang | Yahui Zhao | Yingchun Xing | Ruilu Guo | Qing Zhang | Yun Feng | Enyuan Fan

Journal: Biodiversity Science
ISSN 1005-0094

Volume: 19;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 597;
Date: 2011;

Keywords: Beijing and adjacent areas | fish species diversity | decline | conservation and recovery

Based on field surveys between 2002 and 2010, and fish collections in the National Zoological Museum, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, a total of 93 wild fish species including 12 in-troduced species had been recorded in Beijing and adjacent areas. Eighty five of these species, including some migratory and estuarine fishes, are native to the region. Only 43 native wild species were collected in our field work from 2002 to 2010. Compared with the historical records, nearly 50% of native fish species may have extirpated during the last over 30 years. Major reasons for these losses may include continuous natural drought, anthropogenic water use, aquatic environmental changes associated with rapid city expan-sion and overpopulation, and overexploitation of wild fish. In order to recover and ensure sustainable use of regional wild fish resources, measures such as systematic and thorough investigation of fish resources, en-hanced management of aquatic protected areas, construction of a fish germplasm bank, and legislation on lo-cal protection of species are urgently needed.
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