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A fish stinks from the head: Ethnic diversity, segregation, and the collapse of Yugoslavia

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Author(s): E. A. Hammel | Carl Mason | Mirjana Stevanovic

Journal: Demographic Research
ISSN 1435-9871

Volume: 22;
Start page: 35;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: collapse of Yugoslavia | diversity | ethnic politics | ethnicity | segregation | Yugoslavia

ABSTRACT
Demographic analysis clarifies political issues in the collapse of Yugoslavia. In most regions, 1961-1991, ethnic diversity (estimated by informational entropy) increased and segregation (estimated by Theil's H) decreased. In a few regions there was a reversal in 1991 as migration flows or presentations of self perhaps changed in anticipation of war. The analysis strengthens refutations of the view that long standing ethnic hatreds were the root cause of the Yugoslav collapse and supports analyses that attribute collapse to general economic crisis, economic competition between regions, and failures at the peak of government.

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