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Flexible Structural Design for Side-Sliding Force Reduction for a Caterpillar Climbing Robot

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Author(s): Weina Cui | Wei Wang | Longchao Zhao | Houxiang Zhang

Journal: International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems
ISSN 1729-8806

Volume: 9;
Issue: ;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Flexible structure | climbing robot | natural rubber

ABSTRACT
Due to sliding force arising from the closed chain mechanism among the adhering points of a climbing caterpillar robot (CCR), a sliding phenomenon will happen at the adhering points, e.g., the vacuum pads or claws holding the surface. This sliding force makes the attachment of the climbing robot unsteady and reducesthe motion efficiency. According to the new bionic research on the soft‐body structure of caterpillars, some flexible structures made of natural rubber bars are applied in CCRs correspondingly as an improvement to the old rigid mechanical design of the robotic structure. This paper firstly establishes the static model of the sliding forces, the distortion of flexible bars and the driving torques of joints. Then, a method to reduce the sliding force by exerting a compensating angle to an active joint of the CCR is presented. The analyses and experimental results indicate that the flexible structure and the compensating angle method can reduce the sliding forces remarkably.

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