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Flora and phytosociology of an area of Restinga along the northern Coast of Bahia, Brazil

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Author(s): Christiano Marcelino Menezes | Flávia Delgado Santana | Vinicius Sancho A. Silva | Vanessa Iris Silva da Silva | Dorothy Sue Dunn Araújo

Journal: Biotemas
ISSN 0103-1643

Volume: 25;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 31;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Flora | Phytosociology | Restinga

ABSTRACT
Areas of restinga are geologically recent environments. The species that inhabit this type of ecosystem are typical of adjacent areas, such as rain forest, tabuleiro forest and caatinga, and form a diverse community of trees, shrubs and erect and prostrate herbs. The goal of this work was to evaluate the vegetation in an area of restinga located along Praia do Forte, in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Four 200m transects where made within five plots of 100m2 each, and 1,640 individuals within 68 species were collected. High species diversity was found in transects 1 and 2 (H´ = 3.882) and 3 and 4 (H´ = 3.835). The most representative families were Myrtaceae, Rubiaceae and Malpighiaceae. Based on the species composition, a significant difference (p < 0.001) was found between the sampled areas, and the findings show that there are two distinct plant communities in this region, Mata deRestinga and Restinga em Moitas.
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