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Flower Synchrony, Growth and Yield Enhancement of Small Type Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.) Through Plant Growth Regulators and NPK Fertilization

Author(s): M.A. Baset Mia | Md. Serajul Islam | Md. Yunus Miah | M.R. Das | H.I. Khan

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
ISSN 1028-8880

Volume: 17;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 408;
Date: 2014;
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Keywords: flower synchrony | Bitter gourd | plant growth regulator | yield

Assessment of growth regulator and NPK fertilization effects are important tools for flower stimulation and yield improvement in cucurbits. This investigation demonstrates the comparative male-female flower induction and fruit yield of small sized bitter gourd treated with NPK fertilizers and plant growth regulators. Namely, two experiments having three replicates were conducted in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with NPK fertilization and plant growth regulators-GA3, NAA and Ethophon application on small sized bitter gourd-genotype BG5 at the research field of the Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU). In experiment 1, different doses of NPK fertilizers comprised of 10 treatments and in that of experiment 2, different levels of plant growth regulators indicated 10 treatments. The results indicated that application of different doses of NPK fertilizer and plant growth regulators significantly (≤0.05) influenced over the flower initiation and fruit setting. The application of N90-P45-K60 fertilizer along with Ethophon spraying resulted in the better yield of small sized bitter gourd.

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